100 Enjoyable Information About Dinosaurs That’ll Blow Your Thoughts


Dinosaurs have turn into among the most out-there animals ever to have lived on this planet.

Whereas it’s enjoyable to think about a world the place dinosaurs and people are alive throughout the identical interval, it’s most likely not one of the best thought – we’ve all seen the way it goes in Jurassic Park!

The subsequent neatest thing is to be taught all we will about these historic reptiles and sit again and let our creativeness run wild.

We’ve determined to offer you a serving to hand and have researched & written one of the best 100 dinosaur info possible.

Dinosaurs have been round for greater than 230 million years!

Two mighty dinosaurs

About 250 million years in the past, most life on earth went extinct, and inside the subsequent ten million years or so, dinosaurs started to evolve.

The precise timing of when dinosaurs first entered the scene is up for query, however we all know for certain that it was between 230-245 million years in the past.

Dinosaurs lived through the Mesozoic period.

A dinosaur from the Mesozoic era

The Mesozoic period roughly ran from 245 to 66 million years in the past and is mostly divided into three time intervals: the Triassic, Jurassic, and Cretaceous intervals.

Dinosaurs first advanced through the Triassic interval, elevated in quantity and selection within the Jurassic interval, advanced even additional through the Cretaceous interval, after which, effectively, just about simply died off actually.

They advanced from reptiles the dimensions of home cats.

Dinosaurs evolved from reptiles

From round 244 to 242 million years in the past, small but agile reptiles referred to as dinosauromorphs quickly elevated and unfold internationally.

Whereas they have been far too small to come back even near the highest of the meals chain, they have been speedy sufficient to flee predators for lengthy sufficient to evolve into dinosaurs!

Dinosaurs are nonetheless alive and with us as we speak!

A white chicken

Don’t go working and screaming for assist, although, except you occur to be deathly afraid of chickens!

In truth, all birds are descendants of dinosaurs – even the standard hummingbird.

All of the non-avian dinosaurs went extinct, however the avian dinosaurs advanced over the millennia into birds.

Pterodactyls should not really dinosaurs.

A Pterodactyl dinosaur

Pterodactyls, together with all different winged dinosaur-like reptiles, belong to not the dinosaur household however are labeled as Pterosaurs.

Whereas Pterosaurs are certainly associated to dinosaurs, the connection is kind of distant, splitting off from the archosaurs.

Dinosaurs are cut up into two most important classes.

The two types of dinosaur

To place it merely, both a dinosaur is a saurischian (Greek for “lizard-hipped”), or they’re an ornithischian (Greek for “bird-hipped”).

Funnily sufficient, the lizard-hipped dinosaurs are extra generally associated to modern-day birds, whereas the bird-hipped dinosaurs all went extinct!

The primary dinosaur was named earlier than we even knew dinosaurs existed.

Megalosaurus dinosaurs looking at each other

In 1815 William Buckland, a geology professor from Oxford College, got here throughout the skeleton of an animal not like any beforehand recorded.

Deciding that it was some long-extinct type of reptile, he named it “Megalosaurus” (Greek for “nice lizard”).

Dinosaurs have been solely labeled in 1842.

An Iguanodon dinosaur

Simply seven years after Buckland found the megalosaurus, a geologist and his spouse stumbled on a brand new iguana-like skeleton in Sussex, England, which they named “Iguanadon.”

Extra fossils began turning up, so Sir Richard Owen (who later based London’s Pure Historical past Museum) labeled the fossils as belonging to the “Dinosauria” household (Greek for “horrible lizards”).

Dinosaurs weren’t named as such as a result of they impressed terror.

A scary looking T-rex

When Sir Richard Owen got here up with the identify for dinosaurs, he meant the phrase horrible in a special sense.

He described them as being “fearfully nice,” as in far bigger in dimension than any beforehand identified reptiles.

Perhaps if the primary fossil he got here throughout have been that of a T-Rex, he would have meant it in additional of a literal sense!

When the iguanodon was first reconstructed, its thumb was positioned on prime of its nostril.

An Iguanodon with thumb spikes

It wasn’t till 40 years later, in 1878, when extra iguanodon skeletons have been unearthed, that we realized the lengthy, spiky thumb was not like a rhino’s horn however an odd thumb-like digit!

To this present day, paleontologists nonetheless haven’t give you an excellent purpose why iguanodons developed such lengthy spiky thumbs, though it could have been for self-defense.

The megalosaurus was so fashionable within the 19th century that Charles Dickens included it in considered one of his novels.

A Megalosaurus dinosaur

Within the opening traces of Charles Dickens’s Bleak Home, the well-known British creator imagines what it might be like to come back throughout a megalosaurus waddling by the streets of London.

Amazingly sufficient, contemplating the dimensions and certain ferocity of the megalosaurus, Dickens didn’t paint the megalosaurus in a fearsome mild – describing it as an alternative as an “elephantine lizard.”

You may inform the distinction between a dinosaur fossil and a stone by licking it.

Dinosaur fossils

Whereas this doesn’t sound like essentially the most respectable strategy, paleontologists might discover themselves doing this every day!

Should you lick a suspected fossil, it should stick ever so barely to your tongue as a result of fossils are extra porous than stones.

Greater than 900 totally different dinosaurs roamed Earth.

There are many species of dinosaurs

From this level onward, after we say dinosaur, assume we’re speaking about non-avian dinosaurs – as there are additionally loads of birds on the market as we speak nonetheless!

The 900 or so dinosaurs we’re speaking about listed below are these which have been deemed legitimate, as in there are sufficient fossilized stays to guarantee us that they’re real dinosaur species.

There are literally lots extra potential species, many already with names, which are non-valid as a result of a scarcity of stable proof!

Dinosaurs lived on all of Earth’s continents.

A map of Pangea

When dinosaurs first got here onto the scene within the Triassic interval, some 230 million years in the past, the Earth’s continents have been clustered collectively into one big supercontinent referred to as Pangaea.

Over the next 165 million years that dinosaurs roamed the earth, Pangaea slowly drifted aside, separating many dinosaur species from one another.

The biggest dinosaurs have been the titanosaurs.

A Titanosaurus walking

The titanosaurs have been a subspecies of sauropods, herbivorous four-legged leviathans with lengthy necks and small heads.

They stomped round fairly late within the dinosaur age, from about 145-66 million years in the past.

It’s fairly debatable which ones is the most important as a result of poorly preserved fossils, however the argentinosaurus is one of the best wager, measuring in at 99 to 110 tons (90 to 100 tonnes)!

The smallest sauropod was solely barely heavier than a bull.

A Europasaurus dinosaur

The europasaurus was a reasonably outstanding sauropod; it appeared like one among respects however by no means grew to something just like the monumental sizes of its cousins.

Whereas its 19′ 8″ (6 meters) size remains to be fairly lengthy, it’s nothing like its football-pitch-sized relations!

Gallimimuses had beaks as an alternative of tooth.

A Gallimimus dinosaur

This odd-looking theropod as soon as roamed round through the late Cretaceous interval in what’s now Mongolia.

Though its identify interprets to “rooster mimic,” it really extra carefully resembled a large ostrich with arms.

A lot of the world’s dinosaur fossils are present in three locations.

The Rainbow Mountains in China's highlands

The high-altitude badlands of China, Argentina, and North America maintain among the largest quantities of fossils, or at the very least simply accessible ones anyway.

The truth is that a lot of the world is roofed in fossils, however they’re simply unearthed in desert-like environments as a result of lack of vegetation!

Some pterosaurs have been coated in fur.

A furry Pterosaurus

 I don’t learn about you, however that doesn’t make them appear any much less scary.

They might have appeared related in some ways to a fruit bat, however at a a lot, a lot bigger scale!

Most fossilized dinosaur bones aren’t really bones anymore.

Dinosaur fossils

The fossilization course of mostly occurs when one thing will get trapped between layers of sediment or sand and stays there for tens of millions of years.

These stays then get surrounded by a layer of water, which replaces the unique natural materials with numerous minerals, making a rock-like copy!

Some dinosaurs have been coated in feathers!

A feathery velociraptor

Till the Nineties, it was believed that every one dinosaurs have been coated in massive scales, very like as we speak’s reptiles.

Since then, extra proof emerged that the group of dinosaurs, referred to as theropods, was coated in feathers.

Theropods embrace velociraptors, tyrannosaurus rexes, and the ancestors of as we speak’s birds.

Most dinosaurs weren’t very brainy.

Stegosaurus had a tiny brain

Whereas they might have been mighty fearsome beasties, dinosaurs would have been extremely simple to outwit as a result of their pea-sized brains.

For instance, the stegosaurus had a mind the dimensions of a lime in a physique as much as 29 toes and 6 inches (9 meters) lengthy.

Two of the world’s most well-known paleontologists hated one another.

Edward Drinker Cope and Othniel Charles Marsh

Within the late 19th century, there was little curiosity in paleontology in North America, one thing which Othniel Charles Marsh and Edward Drinker Cope sought to vary.

Whereas they started as buddies, they quickly turned on one another in a life-long competitors to show who was the higher scientist.

Whereas each males in the end degraded themselves and may very well be stated to have each misplaced, they primarily birthed all the US paleontology scene within the course of.

The neatest dinosaurs have been all carnivores.

A Theropod dinosaur

Particularly, the predatory theropods have been those to be careful for in prehistoric occasions.

On the decrease finish of this group, the notorious t-rex had a considerably bigger mind than the herbivorous stegosaurus.

The neatest of all have been the small, agile theropods just like the velociraptor or the troodontids, which had related brains to as we speak’s flightless birds.

The nigersaurus changed its tooth as usually as each fourteen days!

Nigersaurus cow-like dinosaurs

This outstanding sauropod had rows and rows of tooth in reserve, hidden away in its mouth.

When a set of tooth wore out, they’d fall out, and the following row would transfer into place.

If it lives in water, it isn’t a dinosaur.

A Plesiosaur

Among the first fossils of historic reptiles discovered have been nice beastly creatures that, by all appearances, predominately lived underwater and have been promptly labeled as plesiosaurs.

Whereas additionally they share a standard ancestor with dinosaurs, they’re so distantly associated that they continue to be in their very own group.

The dinosaur with the longest identify was the micropachycephalosaurus.

A tiny Micropachycephalosaurus

Strive saying that multi function go with out stopping!

With 23 letters and 9 syllables, the micropachycephalosaurus has an extremely tough and lengthy identify for such a small dinosaur.

Its identify, in spite of everything, interprets to “small thick-headed lizard.”

We don’t really know what killed the dinosaurs, and we might by no means discover out.

Dinosaurs during the Cretaceous extinction

The Cretaceous extinction was one of many largest mass extinctions the world has ever seen, however because it occurred some 66 million years in the past, we might by no means be capable of inform the way it occurred.

Round this time, an asteroid crashed into Earth simply off the coast of Mexico, which is basically guilty for the loss of life of all non-avian dinosaurs.

Whereas it’s an excellent idea, there are additionally many different concepts for a way the dinosaurs died out – with local weather change being the opposite almost certainly perpetrator!

All four-legged dinosaurs have been herbivores.

Lots of Brachiosaurus'

That’s to not say that every one herbivorous dinosaurs have been four-legged, although.

Whereas that could be a widespread false impression, it seems that there have been fairly a number of herbivorous dinosaurs that might stroll on two legs, at the very least for brief intervals of time!

Dinosaurs didn’t all go extinct on the identical time, both.

Dinosaurs looking toward an asteroid headed for Earth

The asteroid which crashed into Earth didn’t wipe out all of the dinosaurs without delay.

As an alternative, it seemingly triggered a series response of occasions that fully modified the face of the planet.

This, after all, didn’t occur in a single day, however over the next few hundred and even 1000’s of years, slowly killing off all however the avian dinosaurs.

Within the entirety of the primary Jurassic Park film, there have been simply quarter-hour through which dinosaurs have been proven.

Jurassic Park

9 minutes of these have been taken up by animatronic dinosaurs, resembling the big robotic T-Rex.

The opposite 9 have been all CGI – a formidable feat for a movie launched in 1993!

One species of dinosaur had 4 wings.

Microraptors with four wings

Adorably named the Microraptor, this minuscule bird-like dinosaur measured simply 2-3 toes (60-90 cm) lengthy and weighed about 2-3 kilos (1-1.36 kg).

There have been a whole bunch of fossilized stays uncovered because the flip of the 21st century, and all fossils clearly present that the Microraptor had wings on each its entrance and rear legs!

Corythosauruses used their crests to make loud, trombone-like sounds.

A Corythosaurus dinosaur

Their crests have been hole in lots of components and have been straight related to their nasal passages.

When the corythosaurus exhaled, the noise they produced would have been fairly loud but in addition low-frequency.

The vast majority of dinosaurs have been herbivores.

A herbivorous dinosaur

The carnivorous dinosaurs have been apex predators that lived on the prime of the meals chain.

As they lived on the prime, there have been a lot fewer of them than different dinosaurs.

There would have been huge herds of herbivorous dinosaurs of various sizes roaming the Earth, which have been then hunted by a lot smaller packs of predators.

A brand new triceratops relative was nicknamed “Hellboy,” after the favored comedian e-book character.

Hellboy dinosaur on the left and Hellboy on the right

Formally named Regaliceratops peterhewsi, after the geologist who first found it, this fossil quickly gained its comical nickname as a result of its distinctive cranium form.

Whereas it appeared very like a triceratops, it sported small horns simply above every eye, very like Hellboy.

Some carnivorous dinosaurs had hole bones.

T-rex roaring

Like as we speak’s birds, dinosaurs resembling velociraptors and T-rexes really saved air of their bones to enhance their respiration talents.

This distinction primarily made these dinosaurs lighter on their toes and allowed them to breathe far more effectively – all the pieces a predator would wish!

When King Edward VII noticed sketches of the primary diplodocus skeleton, he requested a forged of it for London’s Pure Historical past Museum.

A Diplodocus dinosaur

King Edward VII first got here throughout the sketch whereas visiting the house of a outstanding Scottish businessman in 1902.

The plaster-cast diplodocus reproduction quickly gained the nickname “dippy” and was a central characteristic of the museum for over a century!

Diplodocuses had the longest tails of any identified dinosaurs.

Diplodocuses had the longest tails

Whereas it wasn’t the longest dinosaur ever, the diplodocus was actually effectively endowed with its tail, which measured an unbelievable 46 toes (14 m) lengthy!

The plates that Stegosauruses had alongside their backs weren’t used for protection.

A Stegosaurus dinosaur

This was essentially the most generally held idea for a very long time however has since been changed with two most important prospects – the plates have been both used as a show for different stegosauruses and even to assist regulate their temperature!

These plates have been chock-full of blood vessels, so they might have pumped heat blood to them, which then cooled on the big, flat surfaces – very like a automotive’s radiator!

The typical dinosaur weighed about 7,700 lbs (3,493 kg).

Dinosaurs in a river

That’s the mathematical common once you evaluate the burden of all identified dinosaurs, that’s.

And the way large was the common dinosaur, you ask?

Nonetheless fairly massive – someplace between an elephant and a rhino.

There’s a fossil of a protoceratops and a velociraptor caught in the course of a deathmatch.

Dinosaurs fossilised after fight

The pair have been in the course of an intense battle after they have been trapped beneath a landslide, locking them in place for tens of millions of years.

The protoceratops might have been on the shedding foot, because the velociraptor had sunk its lengthy claws deep into its neck, nevertheless it wasn’t a one-sided battle.

The velociraptor was additionally preventing for its life, because the protoceratops had locked its jaws onto its proper arm, and damaged it.

Some dinosaurs might have shed their skins.

Some dinosaurs shedding their skin

From the proof we’ve got to this point, it doesn’t appear to be they shed their skins multi function go like fashionable snakes or lizards.

In truth, the one proof we’ve got is from bird-like dinosaurs, who shed small chunks of pores and skin from between their feathers.

The oviraptor had a beak as an alternative of tooth.

Two Oviraptors

Fossils of this funny-looking theropod have been unearthed in Mongolia and dated again about 85-75 million years in the past.

As a result of it had no tooth, it’s seemingly that a lot of its food plan was made up of eggs, therefore its identify  – “egg thief.”

Folks debated whether or not the brontosaurus was a novel species for greater than 100 years.

A Brontosaurus' long neck

In 1879 the primary brontosaurus skeleton was unearthed.

Resulting from its similarity to the already found apatosaurus, many doubted whether or not it actually was a brand new species.

As such, all brontosaurus skeletons have been marked as apatosauruses.

This continued till 2015, when an in-depth research into the relationships between these species confirmed that the brontosaurus was certainly its personal species, and so the identify was reclaimed.

The dinosaur with the longest claws was the therizinosaurs.

Therizinosaurus dinosaurs

Fairly rightly named the “reaping lizard,” this horrifying dinosaur had three lengthy 3.2 toes (1 m) scythe-like claws on every arm.

With claws that lengthy, it’s additionally the longest clawed animal to have ever existed!

Dinosaurs have been distantly associated to crocodiles.

Dinosaurs were reptiles

Crocodiles, pterosaurs, mosasaurs, ichthyosaurs, and dinosaurs all have a number of issues in widespread.

They’re all reptiles, to begin with, nevertheless it’s greater than that.

All of them advanced from one widespread group of ancestors, the archosaurs, between 250 to 200 million years in the past.

Some dinosaurs deliberately swallowed large stones.

Some dinosaurs ate stones

These stones, referred to as gastroliths, might have helped herbivores to grind down the vegetation they ate into extra digestible items.

Plesiosaurs additionally might have swallowed stones to assist handle their buoyancy, very like tadpoles and axolotl do as we speak.

Up till 1923, we didn’t know the way dinosaurs have been born.

Three dinosaur eggs

We suspected that dinosaurs laid eggs, as they have been reptiles in spite of everything, however there hadn’t been any proof.

The smoking gun got here in 1923 when a set of fossilized dinosaur eggs have been found in Mongolia.

Not all dinosaurs laid the identical sorts of eggs.

Lots of dinosaur eggs in different colors and sizes

Practically all fossilized dinosaur eggs which have been found had laborious shells, very like hen’s eggs as we speak.

A couple of fossilized soft-shelled eggs have been unearthed that date again to the primary dinosaurs, suggesting that the earliest dinosaurs laid their eggs and buried them like fashionable lizards.

Some ichthyosaurs gave beginning to their infants tail-first, to forestall them from drowning earlier than they reached the water’s floor.

A Stenopterygius giving birth

Though they have been reptiles, ichthyosaurs such because the Stenopterygius have been related in some ways to as we speak’s dolphins.

As an alternative of birthing eggs, they developed their younger in embryos, solely giving beginning to them as soon as they have been able to swim.

The biggest carnivorous dinosaur was the spinosaurus.

A large Spinosaurus

The spinosaurus (Greek for “backbone lizard”) was not solely the most important meat-eating dinosaur however had large spines protruding of its again which shaped a sort of sail.

The biggest spinosaurus fossil signifies that they may develop as much as 18m lengthy and weigh as much as 23 tons (20,870 kg).

We don’t know what shade dinosaurs have been.

Lots of dinosaurs in different colors

Some scientists imagine that dinosaurs would have had somewhat boring colours, like elephants and rhinos, so they may mix in with the atmosphere and keep away from predators.

Quite the opposite, it’s additionally generally theorized that dinosaurs have been really brightly coloured in order that they may simply appeal to potential mates, very like as we speak’s birds.

The Quetzalcoatlus northropi had the most important wingspan out of any identified pterosaurs.

A Quetzalcoatlus northropi flying high in the sky

Are you able to think about wanting into the sky and seeing a dinosaur-like creature the dimensions of a small airplane hovering overhead?

The Quetzalcoatlus northropi (named after the Mesoamerican god) lived within the late Cretaceous interval and had a mind-bending 23-43 foot (7–13 m) wingspan.

The qantassaurus was named after Australia’s most important business airline.

Qantasaurus dinosaur

This six-foot (2 m) lengthy herbivore was first found throughout a dig within the Australian state of Victoria in 1996 however spent three years with no identify.

Lastly, in 1999, it was named the qantassaurus after QANTAS, the Australian airline which on the time sponsored the transport of many dinosaur fossils throughout Australia.

We’re in a position to estimate the pace of dinosaurs from their fossilized footprints.

Dinosaur footprints in rocks

Sadly, it’s extremely difficult to determine which footprint belonged to which dinosaur, with most tracks left unidentified.

One of many UK’s biggest early paleontology pioneers was not acknowledged in her time as a result of she was a lady.

A drawing of Mary Anning

At the start of the 19th century, science was nonetheless a person’s line of labor, making life more and more irritating for Mary Anning.

Regardless of this, she persevered and unearthed fossil after fossil, together with the first-ever pterosaur discovered exterior of Germany.

The quickest dinosaurs had lengthy ostrich-like limbs.

An Ornithinomid

The ostrich mimic ornithomimids have been named as such as a result of they have been bird-like and coated in feathers.

From the evaluation of fossilized footprints, it was ascertained that dinosaurs of this genus have been among the many quickest, reaching speeds as much as 25 miles per hour (40 km per hour).

The kosmoceratops had fifteen horns protruding of its face.

A Kosmoceratop dinosaur

With extra horns than another identified dinosaur, the kosmoceratops, a relative of the triceratops, actually had essentially the most ornate cranium.

It lived through the late Cretaceous interval, someplace between 76-75 million years in the past.

The velociraptors in Jurassic Park have been really a very totally different raptor.

Velociraptors in Jurassic World

The raptors within the novel and the movies have been primarily based virtually totally on deinonychuses, a very totally different and far bigger raptor discovered within the US.

Michael Chrichton, the creator of Jurassic Park, met with the discoverer of the deinonychus to be taught concerning the raptor’s habits.

He even admitted that the raptors in his novel have been deinonychuses in all however identify!

Deinonychuses seemingly used their claws to disembowel their prey.

A Dienonychus clawing through its prey

It’s because of their outsized razor-sharp hind claw that they gained their identify, which interprets into “horrible claw.”

Their claws seemingly allowed them to inflict mortal wounds on their enemies, after which they may wait at a protected distance till they perished.

Velociraptors have been about the identical dimension as turkeys.

Velociraptors weren't massive

Whereas they have been most likely nonetheless fairly terrifying, they have been nothing just like the nightmare-inducing raptors from Jurassic Park.

In truth, extra not too long ago found velociraptor fossils have proved that that they had lengthy, feathered tails and wing feathers on their arms.

Velociraptors’ identify interprets into “speedy thief.”

A fast velociraptor

Henry Fairfield Osborn, then the American Museum of Pure Historical past president, gave the velociraptor its identify in 1924.

He named it as such due to his fairly correct evaluation that it might have been an extremely swift but agile carnivorous dinosaur.

The pentaceratops had the most important cranium out of any identified dinosaurs.

A Pentaceratop

Measuring at 10.49 toes (3.2 m) excessive, the cranium of the pentaceratops was additionally the most important of any animal ever to stroll the earth!

Most dinosaurs in Jurassic Park didn’t stay through the Jurassic interval.

Brachiosaurus reaching high into the trees

Whereas the Jurassic Park collection actually made dinosaurs far more fashionable, it wasn’t totally correct.

Out of all of the dinosaurs featured within the first movie, solely the brachiosaurus and the dilophosaurus really belonged to the Jurassic interval, whereas the remainder principally belonged to the Cretaceous interval.

To present you an thought of how improper this was, the Jurassic interval ranged from 200 to 145 million years in the past, whereas the Cretaceous ranged from 145 to 66 million years in the past!

Pachycephalosaurus wyomingensis had a 9-inch (23 cm) thick cranium.

A green wyomingensis

This thick-headed dinosaur seemingly had the thickest cranium of all, main paleontologists to surprise what it may have been used for.

Some imagine they’d have head-butted one another to show their power, however this idea is just a little questionable because it seems their neck bones weren’t sturdy sufficient to face up to such sturdy impacts.

Brachiosauruses had lengthy, giraffe-like necks.

A brachiosaurus with his long neck

A herbivore like as we speak’s giraffes, the brachiosaurus made use of its lengthy neck to feed on the choicest components of bushes that have been untouched by smaller dinosaurs.

Its entrance legs have been longer than its again legs, therefore why it was given a reputation that interprets to “arms lizard.”

Fossilized dinosaur poop is known as coprolite, and it’s extremely prized by collectors.

A twisted coprolite

The Guinness World File for the most important assortment of coprolite is 1,277, which is owned by George Frandsen.

Frandsen first grew to become fascinated with coprolite when he was in school, the place he was finding out paleontology.

His fascination comes from the truth that you’re in a position to inform a lot a couple of dinosaur’s life-style and food plan by analyzing their fossilized feces!

The biggest piece of carnivore coprolite weighs about as a lot as a dachshund!

A large coprolite

This monstrous piece of poop can be owned by George Frandsen and almost certainly got here out of a T-Rex’s rear finish someday round 70-66 million years in the past.

Nicknamed “Barnum,” after the person who first found the T-Rex, it weighs 20.47 lbs (9.28 kg) and measures 26.5 by 6.2 inches (67.5 by 15.7 cm).

In line with Nintendo, Yoshi is just not a dinosaur.

Yoshi from Mario

For a very long time, Nintendo claimed in any other case, however now they’ve formally accomplished a U-turn and acknowledged straight up that he’s not a dinosaur – he’s merely a Yoshi!

The primary full dinosaur skeleton to be mounted in a museum was a hadrosaurus.

An Hadrosaur skeleton in a museum

In 1858 William Parker Foulke found the primary fossilized Hadrosaurus skeleton, which additionally occurred to be essentially the most intact dinosaur skeleton unearthed by this level.

In 1868, the hadrosaurus was mounted within the Academy of Pure Sciences in Philadelphia. It drew folks from all around the world and impressed generations of future paleontologists!

A bunch of dinosaurs referred to as the hadrosaurs had essentially the most tooth.

Teeth fossil of an Edmontosaurus

This duck-billed household of dinosaurs, which included the Edmontosaurus and Parasaurolophus, had as many as 960 flat tooth.

They used their highly effective jaws and tooth to grind up plant matter right into a extra digestible state.

For 50 years, the deinocheirus was identified just for its arms.

Dienonychosaur dinosaur

When the fossilized arms have been found, scientists have been fast to offer the brand new dinosaur a reputation – deinocheirus, which interprets into “horrible arms.”

To be honest, going off the arms alone, this dinosaur actually seemed formidable.

When full skeletons have been found 50 years later, this awkward-looking dinosaur grew to become fairly the laughing inventory of the paleontology world!

Hogwarts College of Witcraft and Wizardry has its personal dinosaur.

Dracorex hogwartsia

No actually. In 2006, scientists determined to call a newly found dinosaur Dracorex hogwartsia, which interprets into “dragon king of Hogwarts.”

The primary a part of its identify is impressed by the truth that this dinosaur’s cranium may be very related in look to a legendary dragon!

A bit of amber from Myanmar was discovered with a completely preserved dinosaur tail.

A dinosaur tail preserved in amber

Whereas we will’t inform what dinosaur the tail may have been from, it’s unmistakably from a dinosaur.

What’s notably fascinating is that it was from a feathered dinosaur, and the feathers have been immaculately preserved inside the amber.

The Tyrannosaurus rex was named the “Tyrant King.”

A large roaring T-rex

Fairly actually, as that’s what the identify it was given interprets to.

These fearsome beasties have been among the largest carnivorous dinosaurs, so it’s simple to see the place the identify got here from! 

Regardless of being featured in Jurassic Park, they really lived through the Cretaceous interval.

The biggest T-Rex skeleton ever found was named Sue.

Due the T-rex dinosaur's skeleton

Not essentially the most terrifying identify, we’ll admit, however Sue the Tyrant King certainly has a pleasant ring to it.

Sue was found by Sue Hendrickson and was later nicknamed in her honor.

She was actually an enormous creature, although, measuring 13 toes (4 m) tall on the hips and 40 toes (12.3 m) lengthy.

Greater than fifty T-Rex skeletons have been unearthed.

A T-rex head behind tree foliage

Tyrannosaurus rexes have been discovered throughout western North America, making them one of many extra cellular dinosaurs of their time.

Whereas lots of the skeletons we’ve found have been fairly fragmented, fairly a number of of them have been virtually full – therefore why we’ve got such nice reconstructions of them!

The chunk of a T-Rex had extra power than another creature that’s ever walked on land.

T-rex teeth

In line with current calculations, they have been able to biting down on issues with a power of seven.1 tons (6.5 tonnes) of power, about 4 occasions as a lot as a saltwater crocodile.

Such a power allowed them to chunk straight by bone, and never simply any bones, however big dinosaur bones!

Colorado’s official state dinosaur is the stegosaurus.

The Stegosaurus is Colorado's official dinosaur

It was again in 1876 that the primary stegosaurus fossil was found simply exterior of Denver, Colorado.

Named the “coated lizard,” as a result of its protecting scales, it was solely formally designated as Colorado’s state dinosaur in 1982.

Nicolas Cage as soon as spent $276,000 on a uncommon dinosaur cranium.

The stolen skull Nicolas Cage bought but returned to Mongolia

In 2007 Nicolas Cage outbid Leonardo Di Caprio for the cranium of a Tyrannosaurus bataar, a detailed relative of the Tyrannosaurus rex.

Cage might have come to remorse bidding so excessive, as, in 2014, it was found that the cranium had beforehand been stolen from Mongolia.

Eager to do the correct factor, Cage was fast to return the uncommon cranium to the Mongolian authorities.

The Ankylosaurus magniventris had an enormous club-like tail that it used to keep off predators.

An impressive Ankylosaurus magniventris dinosaur

Whereas many herbivores have been simple prey for predators just like the Tyrannosaurus rex, the Ankylosaurus had the right protection.

Not solely did it have an enormous bony membership on the finish of its tail, nevertheless it additionally had spike-studded bony plates throughout its physique.

Its solely weak spot was its gentle underbelly, that means predators must flip this defensive dinosaur onto its again – or discover a weaker goal!

The world’s smallest dinosaur egg is smaller than a golf ball.

Small dinosaur eggs

The 1.75 inches (45 mm) by 0.78 inches (20 mm) egg would have weighed simply 0.35 ounces (10 g), about the identical dimension and weight as a quail egg.

It’s believed to be the egg of one of many theropods, two-legged carnivorous dinosaurs, and dates again to 110 million years in the past.

The world’s largest dinosaur eggs ever found have been oviraptorosaur eggs.

A Oviraptorosaur with her babies

Unearthed within the Nineties in China, these eggs measured about 1.6 toes (0.5 m) lengthy!

Whereas they have been initially thought to have been Tyrannosaur eggs, when a fossilized embryo was found on the identical web site, it was realized they have been from an enormous species of oviraptorosaur.

The tallest identified dinosaur reached heights as much as 59 toes (18 m).

Sauroposeidon dinosaurs

The sauroposeidon, whose identify actually interprets into “lizard earthquake god,” couldn’t have been named any higher.

Stegosauruses and allosauruses usually fought to the loss of life.

A Stegosaurus and Allosaurus fighting

For a very long time, it was believed that the 2 usually tussled, however there wasn’t a lot proof to go off.

For the reason that flip of the 21st century, various fossils have proved this idea, together with one fossilized allosaur, which seems to have died from a wound attributable to a stegosaurus’ tail spike.

Many dinosaurs traveled in herds.

A large herd of dinosaurs travelling together

Dinosaurs weren’t not like many fashionable animals as they have been sociable creatures and tended to journey and stay in massive teams.

For herbivorous dinosaurs, this allowed higher safety from predators; for predators, this allowed higher success charges whereas searching.

In Jurassic Park, the sounds used to create the T-Rex’s roar have been from an alligator, tiger & elephant.

T-rex in Jurassic Park

Particularly, it was a mix of three recordings: a child elephant’s squeal, an alligator’s gurgling, and an offended tiger’s snarl.

The recordings have been modified in pace to make them sound extra menacing and real looking (we should always actually say “real looking,” as we don’t know what they seemed like!).

It’s seemingly that dinosaurs weren’t cold-blooded.

Dinosaurs with a deep red sky behind them

Whereas they seemingly weren’t cold-blooded, like fashionable reptiles, they most likely weren’t warm-blooded both.

As an alternative, it’s believed they discovered a center floor between the 2.

T-Rexes almost certainly solely lived to just a little over thirty years outdated.

The T-rex didn't live very long

From the fossils we’ve discovered to this point, that’s.

The oldest of which is nicknamed Trix, was found in 2013 in Montana and is believed to be simply over thirty years outdated.

The well-known T-Rex, Sue, who we spoke of earlier, is estimated to have been about 28 years outdated.

Massive sauropods seemingly had the longest lifespans out of all dinosaurs.

The larger Sauropods would have lived the longest

Dinosaurs such because the apatosaurus or diplodocus would have outlived all different dinosaurs, or so it appears.

Whereas scientists initially believed they may have gotten as outdated as 300, that’s now been scaled again to a meager 70-80 years – about the identical age restrict as elephants.

Sauropods seemingly ate greater than 1 ton (907 kg) of plant matter each day.

A massive Sauropod eats a lot of food

Being the most important animals that ever walked the earth, it ought to be no shock that their diets have been equally monumental.

The biggest plesiosaur was about 46 toes (14 m) lengthy.

A large plesiosaur eating prey

Think about if you happen to changed a sauropod’s chunky legs with sturdy flippers, shortened its tail a bit, gave it some vicious-looking tooth, after which threw it into the ocean, and also you’ve just about bought a plesiosaurus in your fingers.

This plesiosaur, particularly the Elasmosaurus platyurus, was each the longest and the heaviest plesiosaur, weighing roughly 24 tons (22 tonnes).

Triceratops was in a position to struggle off tyrannosauruses with their large horns.

A triceratops with large strong sharp horns

The identify Triceratops actually interprets into “three-horned face,” which is just a little unimaginative if you happen to ask me.

Whereas most likely useful in attracting a possible mate, their horns have been additionally seemingly used for protection.

One skeleton, for instance, was discovered with a damaged horn with tyrannosaurus chunk marks on it.

Dilophosauruses didn’t spit poison.

The Dilophosorus from Jurassic Park

Jurassic Park bought oh so many issues improper about this dinosaur.

It didn’t spit poison, it didn’t have an enormous frill like a frill-necked lizard, and it wasn’t even remotely that small!

To be honest, although, this double-crested dinosaur was nonetheless fairly superior wanting – it simply wasn’t fairly as cool because the movie made it out to be!

The smallest pterodactyl was concerning the dimension of a pigeon.

A tiny orange Nemicolopterus crypticus

Nemicolopterus crypticus, found in northeastern China, would have flitted about from tree to tree chasing bugs about 120 million years in the past.

With a wingspan of simply ten inches (25 cm), it’s laborious to think about it may probably have been associated to the terrifying quetzalcoatlus!

Dinosaur bones that was opal have been present in Australia.

An opal dinosaur fossil found in Australia

One of the crucial well-known units of opalized dinosaur fossils was a pair of dinosaur jawbone fragments, full with tooth, that had a putting vein of opal working by the bone.

These items have been later recognized in 2017 to belong to a wholly new dinosaur species, Weewarrasaurus pobeni.

Fred Flintstones’s pet dinosaur Dino was a snorkasaurus.

Fred Flintstone being licked by his pet dinosaur

We’re unhappy to say {that a} snorkasaurus is a very fictional dinosaur, although.

That stated, it’s simple to see that the creation of Dino was undoubtedly impressed by the sauropods, though Dino is considerably smaller.

If Godzilla was an actual dinosaur, it might have been a kind of theropod.


In 1998 a paleontologist tried to determine what kind of dinosaur Godzilla may need been primarily based on its anatomical options.

In the end, it was determined that Godzilla, at the very least the 90s model, would have been associated to a gaggle of theropods referred to as ceratosaurs.

The time hole between when T-rexes & stegosauruses have been alive is bigger than the hole between people & T-rexes.

T-Rex and Stegosaurus

Stegosauruses have been round late within the Jurassic interval, about 150 million years in the past.

Then again, T-Rexes lived round 65 million years in the past, through the Cretaceous interval.

It actually places how lengthy dinosaurs have been round into scale when you consider it like this!

Some dinosaurs have been completely large, however none have been greater than blue whales.

The blue whale in proportion to various dinosaurs and human

Blue whales can weigh as much as 190 tons (172.4 tonnes) and develop 110 toes (34 me) lengthy. The biggest dinosaurs weigh as much as 69 tons (62.6 tonnes) and measure as much as 120 toes (36.5 m) lengthy.

Typically, whales can develop a lot heavier as their weight is supported by water, whereas dinosaurs nonetheless needed to assist their weight with their legs!


The craziest factor about dinosaurs is that there’s a lot extra that we don’t learn about them!

What’s actually thrilling, although, is that extra dinosaurs are being found than ever earlier than.

Will we ever discover dino DNA and reconstruct them? In all probability not – however there’s far more to be taught nonetheless!


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